Procedure: Use of force/restraint by staff and time out using de-escalation room at the Child and Career Development Center
1.0 Purpose: To provide CCDC staff guidance on utilizing use of force/restraint with students and on employing time-out procedures using a de-escalation room. To provide CCDC specific guidance for staff regarding implementation of the IU-wide Statement of Procedures (0516.6) on this topic.
2.0 Scope: This guidance applies to all staff who interact with students that exhibit aggressive, unsafe, acting out behaviors.
3.0 Responsibilities: The Director of Student Support Services is responsible
4.1 References: 22 PA Code § 14.133 & 14.143(a); C.F.R § 300.346(a)(2); 22 PA Code § 12.5
5.0 Detailed Guidance and Procedures For All Staff5.1 The Intermediate Unit is committed to providing a safe environment for all students.
5.2 The Intermediate Unit prohibits the use of corporal punishment as a means of dealing with a student infraction of discipline policies.
5.3 The Intermediate Unit stresses positive rather than negative interventions wherever possible to manage student behavior. Use of force/restraint should be considered a last resort.
5.4 The emphasis on positive approaches to manage a student does not prohibit the use of such reasonable force or restraint as necessary to quell a disturbance, to take possession of weapons or dangerous objects, and to protect people or property.
5.6 When use of restraint is required at the CCDC, more than one CPI trained staff member should be involved at all times, whenever possible, given the presenting circumstances and staff should follow Chapter 14 and Bureau of Special Education guidelines.
Record the date, time, and description of incident and behaviors
Notify teacher and/or administrator if either is unaware of the situation
Reconvene the IEP team to review, discuss, and revise PLEP, PBSP, and crisis plan, as necessary, and establish whether a manifestation determination is warranted.
5.7 All instances of force/restraint will be documented and reported to the parents and the student's school district.
5.8 CDC protocol for use of the de-escalation room is defined by the following:
- Educational team will exhaust all possible de-escalation strategies (e.g. in class consequences and rewards, time-out in class or another class and restorative center, etc.) before applying an approved CPI physical escort to the de-escalation room.
- At the point that the student is escorted to the de-escalation room, the student will have usually exhibited repeated acts of elopement or aggression toward property, staff, students, or themselves that has become unsafe and dangerous to all. Extreme emergency situations, however, could result in a student being escorted to the de-escalation room on the first incident of a set of dangerous behaviors.
- Behavioral staff that is CPI trained must supervise any student in the de-escalation room. Ordinarily staff will be positioned in the de-escalation room itself with the student, but for safety purposes some circumstances may warrant staff remaining outside the room. In these latter situations, staff will maintain eye contact at all times with the student.
- Staff shall consider the age and developmental level of individual children when determining the length of placement in the de-escalation room. Studies of time-out indicate effectiveness at up to 15 minutes of time-out at any one time. However, given the diverse student population served by the CCIU programs, staff may determine the need for a longer period of time-out of up to one half-hour. When students require placement in the de-escalation room for longer than on half-hour or, when the placement in the de-escalation room is not effectively calming the student, staff shall immediately contact the program administrator. The administrator or designee will contact the parent/guardian to discuss the situation.
- Parents are invited to visit the de-escalation room. Parents have the right to decline the use of the de-escalation room. If a parent declines and the student is judged to pose a danger to himself or others, the parent will be asked to come to the school to discuss the ongoing situation and possibly, in the most extreme of circumstances and at the mutual consent of the school and the parent, take the student home for safety reasons.
- Description of de-escalation room includes:
- Room size - 15'5" x 13'9"
- Ceiling height - 8'3"
- Walls are covered with 2.5" thick vinyl covered foam padding that extends 75" up from the floor
- Floor is covered with an industrial grade carpet installed over soft foam padding of intermediate thickness
- Entrance to the room is a 6' wide double wooden door set that swings out from the room when opened; there is a 5" x 20" vision light (glazed with laminated safety glass) in one of the doors
- Two additional doors in the room, both that are permanently locked; each leads to a storage area for the remainder of the building