• Nancy Hashman, M.A., CCC-SLP/L

     

    SCHOOLS AND SCHEDULE: 

    Mondays and Tuesdays:  St. Maximilian Kolbe School, West Chester, PA
    Wednesdays: Bethany Christian School, Oxford, PA
    Thursdays and Fridays:  St. Agnes School, West Chester, PA

     

    CONTACT INFORMATION

    E-Mail: Nancyha@cciu.org

    Cell Phone: 484-678-0604

     

    ABOUT ME

    I am a speech & language pathologist currently working for the Chester County Intermediate Unit in Non Public School Services. I've worked with Early Intervention, Preschool-Handicapped and School-based programs providing speech and language support.  I have a Master's of Arts Degree in Communicative Disorders from West Chester University and a Master’s Degree in Social Work from the University of Iowa.

     

    ARTICULATION

    Articulation is a term used to denote the physiological movements involved in modifying the airflow in the vocal tract to produce the various speech sounds.  An articulation disorder is an inability to correctly produce speech sounds–phonemes because of imprecise placement, timing, pressure, speed, or flow of movement of the lips,tongue, or throat.

     

    Phonological Disorders are the abnormal development of the sound system of a language and the rules that govern sound combinations.  This results in difficulty producing age expected speech sounds.

     

    Fluency Disorders involve an interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by atypical rate, rhythm and repetitions in sounds,syllables, words and phrases. This may be accompanied by excessive tension,struggle behavior and secondary characteristics.

     

    Voice Disorders involve the abnormal production of vocal quality, pitch, loudness and resonance compared to an individual’s age and/or gender.

     

     

    EXPRESSIVE AND RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE

    Communication is made up of two parts: receptive and expressive

    Language.  Receptive communication refers to the way a

    Listener receives and understands a message from a communication partner.  Expressive communication refers to how person

    Conveys a message to a communication partner by gesturing,speaking, or writing. Both forms of language are essential in order to be able to communicate with others as well as to understand when others communicate with us. Language difficulties refer to a range of problems that can interfere with communication and cognition.

     

    Language Disorders involve impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken and written language.  Language disorders may include difficulty with:

    • Semantics- meaning of language

    • Syntax- grammatical construction of languages

    • Pragmatics- social use of language, includes conversational skills

    • Phonological Awareness – knowledge of the sound structure of      language

    • Reading, Spelling and Writing


    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)

    1.    How does a child qualify for services?

    2.    When will services begin?

    3.    How can I help my child?

    4.    How will I be informed of my child’s progress?

     

    How does a child qualify for services?

     

    All kindergarten students receive a brief test (screening)to determine articulation and language abilities at the beginning of each school year.  New students and second graders are also screened for articulation skills at the beginning of the year,or as they are enrolled. This brief assessment identifies students who may require a more complete speech and/or language evaluation.  Educational staff and parents may also request a speech and language screening and/or evaluation at anytime.  No student receives a language evaluation without written parental authorization. Likewise, speech and language support services are provided after written parental authorization has been obtained.

     

    When will Speech/Language Therapy begin?

     

    During the first month of school, I am involved in the assessment of new students to the school as well as screening the kindergarten children. I also assist in other kindergarten screenings throughout the county and may not always be in the building on my assigned days. Direct speech and language therapy normally begins by the fifth week of school.

     

    What can I do at home to help my child?

     

    Your child will have a Speech/Language Folder that will include homework for speech and language practice.  I ask that students practice a minimum of five minutes, five times a week. Children rarely make progress if they do not practice at home. Parents and students are also encouraged to visit my “useful links” section for additional materials for speech and language practice.

     

    How will I be informed of my child’s progress?

     

    Each student receives a Speech/Language Folder, which should  be brought to school on his/her assigned speech therapy day.  I provide comments in the folder regarding speech therapy activities and/or progress. Your child's Speech/Language homework is an indicator of what we are currently working on.  Mid-year Reports and Year-End Update Reports are also sent home. Parent-Teacher Conferences are held at the end of the school year. Parents may request a conference at anytime. Parents are also encouraged to make appointments to observe their child’s speech therapy session.

     

    USEFUL LINKS

    The Internet provides access to many valuable resources for parents and students in communication disorders.

     

    ARTICULATION 

    Questions and answers about Articulation Problems, ASHA Brochure. http://www.kidsource.com/ASHA/articulation.html

     

    Questions and Answers about Speech Sound Disorders, by Caroline Bowen. http://members.tripod.com/Caroline_Bowen/phonol-and-artic.htm

     Lisping, by Caroline Bowen.http://members.tripod.com/Caroline_Bowen/lisping.htm

     

    APRAXIA

    Apraxia KIDS http://www.apraxia-kids.org/

     

    Apraxia Intervention, ApraxiaKIDS 

    http://web.archive.org/web/20030209221016/http://www.apraxia-kids.org/definitions/litrev.html

     

    LANGUAGE

    Questions and Answers about Child Language, ASHA. http://www.kidsource.com/ASHA/child_language.html

     

    Communication Disorders Defined, Healthtouch On-line.

    http://www.healthtouch.com/bin/EContent_HT/SUB_HD.asp?goto_type=1x5-Grid&index=119760&title=Communication+Disorders&cid=HT

    Teaching Language,Literacy, and Communication to Children Who are Non Verbal or Minimally Verbal,Online Booklet, by Jennifer Mitchell. http://www.issuu.com/jennifer_mitchell/docs/llc

     

    PRAGMATIC LANGUAGE

    Pragmatic Language Tips, ASHA.

    http://www.kidsource.com/ASHA/language_tips.html

     

    PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS

    Phonological Awareness Defined, Reading Workshop and Kid Lab.

    http://www.manatee.k12.fl.us/sites/elementary/samoset/resources/rcompindex.htm

     

    FLUENCY

    Just for Kids, A Site About Stuttering, by Judy Custer.

    http://www.mnsu.edu/comdis/kuster/kids/kids.html

    Treating the School-Aged Stutter.

    http://www.mnsu.edu/comdis/kuster/TherapyWWW/components/treatschoolage.html

    Strategy Training for Controlled Speech Habits.   http://www.mnsu.edu/comdis/kuster2/therapy/ratecontrolstrategies.html

     

    VOICE

    What are Vocal Nodules? By Amy Flouhouse.

    http://web.archive.org/web/20031204002028/www.unc.edu/~chooper/classes/voice/webtherapy/nodules/vocalnodules.htm

     

    HEARING LOSS

    What It Sounds Like, Better Hearing Institute.

    http://www.betterhearing.org/hearing_loss/hearing_loss_simulator/index.cfm

     

    Teacher’s Guide for working With Hard of Hearing and/or Deaf Students. Ministry of Special Education,British Columbia http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/hearimpair/toc.htm

     

    THERAPY MATERIALS

     

    ARTICULATION 

    Articulation Printables.

    http://speechtherapyweb.com/articulation-printables/

    Sound Sorting Pictures.

    http://www.rockingham.k12.va.us/sound_sorting/sound_sorting_menu.htm

    Articulation Practice.  

    http://www.speech-language-therapy.com/txresources.html

    StoryMaking Machine.    

    http://communicationconnects.com/stories.asp

    Articulation Printables. 

    http://mommyspeechtherapy.com/?page_id=55

    Board Game Grove.

    http://www.carlscorner.us.com/Games.htm

    Tongue Twisters. 

    http://www.elfs.com/MMz.html 

    Oral Motor Exercises. 

    http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/speech_language_disorders/41710

    Phonological Awareness games. 

    http://pbskids.org/lions/games/ears.html

     

    Language

    Language and Literacy. 

    http://www.dltk-teach.com/rhymes/index.htm

    Finger Plays.

    http://www.preschoolrainbow.org/preschool-rhymes.htm 

    Sequencing cards. 

    http://www.enchantedlearning.com/rhymes/seq/

    Printable books. 

    http://www.hubbardscupboard.org/printable_booklets.html#WordFamilyBooklets

    Language and Articulation printables. 

    http://www.patrickecker.org/downloads.htm

    Picture Cards.

    http://www.do2learn.com/picturecards/printcards/index.htm

    http://www.learningpage.com/free_pages/galleries/oceans.html

     

    Pragmatic Language

    Expression cards.

    http://www.senteacher.org/Worksheet/40/Prosopagnosia.xhtml

    Comics.

    http://www.makebeliefscomix.com/

    Feelings bingo.

    http://www.speechtherapygames.com/Freebies/feelingbingoFREE.pdf

    Social Stories.

    http://www.polyxo.com/socialstories/toc-school.html

    Social Stories.

    http://webster.frsd.k12.nj.us/autistic/Social%20Stories/1social_stories.htm

    Emotion Pictures.

    http://www.usevisualstrategies.com/AutismVisualPrintablePictures.aspx

    Printable Stories.

    http://www.slatersoftware.com/document.html

    Conversation Starters.

    http://www.lburkhart.com/chat_ideas.htm

     

    INTERACTIVE SITES 

    Peek-a-Boo Puppy.   

    http://www.scholastic.com/parents/play/

    Subservient Chicken. 

    http://www.subservientchicken.com/

    What's in the Bag?
    http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/in_the_bag/index.html

    Online Talking stories.
    http://primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/interactive/onlinestory.htm

    Game Goo: Learning That Sticks. 

    http://www.earobics.com/gamegoo/gooeylo.html

    Learn English Kids. 

    http://learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org/en/language-games

    Phonological Awareness.

    http://www.professorgarfield.org/Phonemics/pumpkin_patch/pumpkin_patch.html

    Animal Sounds Games. 
    http://www.fisher-price.com/us/littlepeople/clubhouse/games.asp?section=animalsounds&gameID=LP_AnimalSounds

    Listening for Sounds Game.

    http://www.scholastic.com/magicschoolbus/games/sound/index.htm